Human Rights Day 2010 -
9 EU countries do not guarantee access to health care for
undocumented pregnant women and children
[Brussels, 09 December 2010] Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from across the political spectrum were recently confronted
with evidence of substantial inequalities in access to healthcare across the EU. A Public Hearing held on 8
December in Brussels highlighted how undocumented migrants – especially undocumented pregnant
women and children – are threatened by both legislative and practical barriers when trying to access
healthcare. MEPs joined Médecins du Monde, the HUMA network, the Platform for International Cooperation
on Undocumented Migrants (PICUM), the European Women’s Lobby (EWL) and the European Anti-Poverty
Network (EAPN) to call on European and national decision-makers to take action to protect the rights and
health of these vulnerable groups, ensuring equitable access to healthcare for all, solidarity and the
reduction of health inequalities, and implementing concrete policies with no discrimination linked to
administrative status or financial resources.
According to MEP Edite Estrela, rapporteur on the reduction of health inequalities in the EU, “it is inacceptable that,
out of 16 countries, nine EU countries (i.e. Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Poland,
Slovenia, Sweden and the UK) do not respect the right to health of the children”. Médecins dui Monde/HUMA
research on 16 countries1 also leads to these conclusions.
- In the UK and Greece, women have to pay the full costs of any delivery care they receive from hospitals during childbirth except in emergency cases.
- In Germany, undocumented pregnant women and children cannot access healthcare because public administrations are duty-bound to denounce undocumented migrants in all but emergency cases.
- In Poland, children of undocumented migrants can only access limited healthcare at school.
- In Sweden, undocumented migrants must bear the full costs of any healthcare services they receive.
Ludovica Banfi, from the EU Fundamental Rights Agency, said that preliminary results of a pan-European study
reveal that “in 11 EU countries, there are no specific mechanisms for the children of undocumented migrants: they
have no specific protection and are treated as adults”. She underlined for example that undocumented pregnant
women in Austria and Greece have by law access only to healthcare in case of delivery complications.
According to the speakers at the Public Hearing, policies restricting the fundamental rights of undocumented
migrants have the clear intent to drive them into destitution. “I think it is inadmissible to request care-givers to play
the role of immigration policy makers” said Dr Philippe Juvin, an MEP affiliated to the European People’s Party
(EPP). “These restrictive policies are pathogenic: they put undocumented migrants in intolerable situations and are
contrary to a public health approach”, MEP Hélène Flautre said.
According to Dr Hans Wolff, public health expert at
the University of Geneva, “it is necessary to ensure equitable access for all people residing in Europe. Otherwise,
this will lead to an overuse of emergency services and will also entail a problem in terms of costs. In fact, emergency
care is far more expensive than primary care.”
MdM: Noëlle Rodembourg - 0032 2 648 69 99
EAPN: Vincent Caron - 0032 496 865 602
EWL: Amandine Bach - 00 32 495 860 436
PICUM: Michèle Levoy - 00 32 486 961 103